Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving versions of style and material.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The first pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Enterprise rule in India.[eight]
The all over the world utilization of pajamas (the term along with the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India while in the 18th and nineteenth generations, plus the British affect on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early because the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell out of manner. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a vogue in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by a variety of individuals in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an posting of dishabille and of night time apparel, and is particularly synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the routine just like a fantastic lots of others in the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is currently used in London shops. A friend furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on forty several years ago, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced toes sewn on to them (as was from time to time the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I pidzame believe, Sir, it's because of the White Ants."[ten]
Standard pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mix fabricated from soft material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night time suits.
Some pajamas element a drop seat (also called a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas designed before the 1950s, but from the early 20-very first century These are instead exceptional.
Up to date pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are numerous versions in design and style such as limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by young children, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a style of shorter costume top over shorts or brief pants.
Pajamas might these days refer to women's mix daywear, particularly in the US in which they became popular during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.